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R USE IN NON-COMMERCIAL BROADCASTS ONLY
MOFDAY, MAY 3, 1943
SUBJECT: "FOUR EARLY &ARDEK INSECTS." Information f rPBrrnitomoa^og^ q
C f f> /
U. S. Department of Agriculture.
The early "bird gets the worm, according to the o
L I 3 RARY
CUt&EOT SERIAL RECtfl
MAY 1 1 1943 1
Victory Gardeners will not leave too much to the eariy^WTUT
after the worm themselves — and every other insect pest of vegetable crops.
At this time of year the gardener himself prepares first to get the early worm.
And the early worm is the cutworm which takes down young, tender plants,
especially cabbage, tomato and pepper plants — cuts them down by night.
The cutworm is probably the first insect to prepare for in the spring.
This grey-brown, rather chunky worm lives through the winter in the ground .
and comes out in the spring hungry for juicy young plants. Cutworms feed
at night... hide underground during the day. They cut of f young plants just above
ground... cut them off and leave them. A few cutworms can do a lot of cutting
in just one night.
Luckily for the gardener, cutworms like bran even better than tender
young plants. common everyday breakfast bran, or the bran for stock feeding.
So a poisoned bran is the ideal bait for the cutworm. . .usually poisoned with
Paris green. But bran without poison scattered around the garden will draw
cutworms away from young plants, because the cutworms will feed on it instead
of plants. And them, in a small garden you can protect plants with paper
collars. When you set plants out in the garden, wrap a collar of heavy paper,
about the size of a penny-postcard, around each one. The paper must encircle
the stem and go down an inch into the ground. Cutworms can't climb over the
paper or burrow under it»
So much for the early worm, Now for the second kind of insect to prepare
for in the early garden — aphids or plant lice..* tiny green or grey insects
that gather together on the under side, of leaves and down the stem and feed on
the juice of the plant. As aphids collect on plants, the plants "become
stunted and finally die. Go after aphids the moment they appear by spraying
with soap suds and nicotine sulphate. Use one teaspoon nicotine sulphate and
2 tablespoons soap flakes in one gallon of water. And then spray the leaves,
the underside thoroughly. By the way, you can buy nicotine sulphate at the
drug store and in small amounts. You won't need much for a family garden.
No?; for the third insect likely to make its appearance in your garden.
This is the flea, beetle — a small , dark beetle that comes in crowds. . ..jumps
around like a. flea. ..and eats tiny holes, the size of pinheads, in the leaves of
cabbage, tomato and other plants* Plea, beetles feed on the upper side of the
leaf — the top side instead of underneath as aphids do. But flea, beetles won't
eat a. dusty or powdering leaf. So the way to control flea beetles is to dust
plants with hydrated lime or "land plaster", often called gypsum. Even talcum
powder or flour will turn off the flea beetle. By the way, these little beetles
go first for weak, wilted plants. So give your cabbage and tomato plants
plenty of water when you transplant them. That keeps them from wilting,
and helps them resist the flea beetle. And remember to powder the leaves as soon
as the beetles start hop- skip-.and- jumping in your garden.
Tne fourth and last insect to prepare for in your early garden is the
bean beetle. This is a larger beetle than the flea beetle — yellow or copper
in color with 16 black spots on its back. Bean, plants are this beetle's dish —
snap beans, lima beans, pole beans... but not soybeans if any other kind of bean
is near to feed on. The copper-colored, 16-spot bean beetle lays clusters of
small yellow eggs on the underside of bean leaves. The eggs hatch into fuzzy
yellow larvae with voracious appetites. They can make lac ©work out of a "bean
leaf faster than you can believe. As soon as you see a copper-colored,. 16-
spot "beetle in your garden, look on the underside of "bean leaves for the little
yellow eggs and crush then "by folding over the leaf. Keep beetles down by
dusting or spraying the underside of leaves with rotenone. Hotemone is
practically harmless to humans, but death to bean beetles. Supplies of
rotenone are United this year, but Victory Gardeners should be able to get
small amounts for use on beans,
Nov; briefly, let's review these 4 important pests of the earls' - garden:
First, cutworms. .. cut down young, tender plants. .. control with paper collars
around each plant or with poison bran. Second, aphids or plant lice... tiny
green or grey, . .gather in clusters on underside of leaves. .. spray with soapsuds
containing nicotine sulphate. Third, flea beetles. .. tiny dark beetles that
hop like fleas... dust leaves with lime or land plaster. Fourth, bean beetles
and their larvae. .. copper-color, 16-black-spot beetle with fuzzy yellow larvae
that eat on underside of leaf*.. dust or spray underside of leaf with rotenone.
The Department of Agriculture will send you a copy of its bulletin
called "Diseases and Insects of Garden Vegetables" to help you recognise
garden troubles and control them, ^he bulletin is free as long as the free suppl
lasts. Send a postcard to the U. 6. Department of Agriculture, Washington,
D. 0. for "Diseases and Insects of Garden Vegetables"